Infant Feeding Educational Resources

Welcome to our infant feeding Educational resources page!

Here you’ll find a variety of materials intended to support you in best feeding your newborn, and some materials to help your clinicians best support you in doing so. Please check back from time to time as we’re working to expand this section to include comprehensive feeding information for all types of feeding plans – breastfeeding, and formula feeding, pumping, bottle, tube, syringe, and cup feeding too.

We’re proud to say that the Fed Is Best Foundation is dedicated to supporting and empowering parents to make safe feeding choices for their babies! Click below for more information, and please check back from time to time as we’ll be adding information regularly.

Disclaimer:  This resource page does not replace in-person physician evaluation and treatment.  It is meant to inform parents of the most recent data regarding infant feeding and to increase their knowledge on how to protect their newborns from hyperbilirubinemia, dehydration, hypernatremia, hypoglycemia and extended or repeat hospitalizations due to complications from underfeeding.  Earlier supplementation may be needed for babies who are premature or have medical conditions. It is recommended that a parent seeks evaluation by a physician trained in newborn care for any concerns regarding the health and safety of her baby if they arise.

The Fed is Best Guide to Safe Infant Feeding: The Educational Packet

Updated September 10, 2020 We are proud to present the latest edition of the Fed is Best Guide to Safe Infant Feeding. The new guide has information on how to safely feed infants regardless of how you plan to feed, whether exclusive breastfeeding, supplemented breastfeeding or exclusive formula-feeding. Included in the plan are helpful resources: Check … Continue reading The Fed is Best Guide to Safe Infant Feeding: The Educational Packet

Fed is Best Feeding Plan – Updated 2020

Updated September 10, 2020 We are proud to present the latest edition of the Fed is Best Guide to Safe Infant Feeding. The new guide has information on how to safely feed infants regardless of how you plan to feed, whether exclusive breastfeeding, supplemented breastfeeding or exclusive formula-feeding. Included in the plan are helpful resources: Check … Continue reading Fed is Best Feeding Plan – Updated 2020

Infant Feeding Consultation with Jody Segrave-Daly, RN, IBCLC

We are proud to offer the services of one of the most experienced, compassionate and skilled registered nurse, lactation consultants in the field, Fed is Best Foundation Co-Founder, Jody Segrave-Daly, RN, IBCLC. She has spent over 30 years caring for newborn babies as a newborn nursery and NICU nurse and international board certified lactation consultant. … Continue reading Infant Feeding Consultation with Jody Segrave-Daly, RN, IBCLC

Basics of a Good Breastfeeding Latch from Stanford Medicine

One of the most important skills to learn to keep a breastfed baby well-fed is a good breastfeeding latch. Stanford Medicine has an excellent series of videos and instructional pages on achieving a good latch.  It is particularly important for first-time breastfeeding mothers to get a good idea of how a newborn baby is taught … Continue reading Basics of a Good Breastfeeding Latch from Stanford Medicine

Manual Expression of Breast Milk Video Instruction From Stanford Medicine

This is a very useful instructional video on hand expression of breast milk presented by Stanford Medicine.  Hand expression can be used to confirm the present of colostrum before the first breastfeeding session and at every session thereafter.  It can be done while nursing to help moms empty their breasts of colostrum/milk and to help … Continue reading Manual Expression of Breast Milk Video Instruction From Stanford Medicine

Know Your Risks for Delayed Onset of Full Breast Milk Supply

Mothers are taught that it is rare to have insufficient breast milk. But research shows delayed milk production affects at least 1 in 5 women in the first days of an infant’s life, which puts her child at risk of dehydration and underfeeding from exclusive breastfeeding. These complications can result in jaundice, low blood sugar, … Continue reading Know Your Risks for Delayed Onset of Full Breast Milk Supply

Newborn Weight Loss Calculator and Infant Growth Chart Calculator

What is it? “Newt is the first tool that allows pediatric healthcare providers and parents to [track] a newborn’s weight during the first days and weeks following childbirth compared with a large sample of newborns, which can help with early identification of weight loss and weight gain issues.” Ian M. Paul, M.D., M.Sc. Chief, Division … Continue reading Newborn Weight Loss Calculator and Infant Growth Chart Calculator

Bilirubin Monitoring using the BiliTool(TM)

BiliTool is designed to help clinicians assess the risks toward the development of hyperbilirubinemia or “jaundice” in newborns over 35 weeks gestational age. Parents can also be informed of their newborn’s bilirubin “risk category” using this tool. Required values include the age of the child in hours (between 12-146 hours) and the total bilirubin in … Continue reading Bilirubin Monitoring using the BiliTool(TM)

Why Fed is Best for Newborn Jaundice: A Parent Guide

In this video, Co-Founder Dr. Christie del Castillo-Hegyi narrates a presentation on newborn jaundice, and the importance of sufficient breastfeeding or supplementation in the treatment of jaundice: We believe all babies deserve to be protected from hunger and thirst every single day of their life and we believe that education on Safe Infant Feeding should … Continue reading Why Fed is Best for Newborn Jaundice: A Parent Guide

Preventing Complications: Video Lecture Series

Here you’ll find a series of video presentations dedicated to educating clinicians and parents on various feeding-related complications. Please check back from time to time as we’ll be regularly updating this section with new topics!   Newborn Jaundice and dehydration for clinicians La Deshidratación y La Ictericia del Recién Nacido para Médicos, Enfermeras y Consultores … Continue reading Preventing Complications: Video Lecture Series

Making Sure Your Newborn is Fed: A Guide to Early Breastfeeding

This video features Co-Founder Dr. Christie del Castillo-Hegyi narrating a presentation on how to ensure that your newborn is well-fed in the early days after birth:   We believe all babies deserve to be protected from hunger and thirst every single day of their life and we believe that education on Safe Infant Feeding should … Continue reading Making Sure Your Newborn is Fed: A Guide to Early Breastfeeding

Dangers of Insufficient Exclusive Breastfeeding Presented at the First Coast Neonatal Symposium

Dr. Christie del Castillo-Hegyi was invited to present her research on the brain- and life-threatening consequences of insufficient feeding of exclusively breastfed newborns at the First Coast Neonatal Symposium held by the Department of Neonatology at the University of Florida at Jacksonville on April 24, 2017.  Here is the video of the lecture presented. Note: … Continue reading Dangers of Insufficient Exclusive Breastfeeding Presented at the First Coast Neonatal Symposium

The Newborn Stomach Size Myth: It is NOT 5-7 mL

Written by Jody Segrave-Daly, RN, IBCLC As a veteran NICU, nursery nurse and lactation consultant, I have taken care of and fed thousands of babies over the years. When working in the special care nursery, babies were always fed according to their weight and cumulative losses, to determine their caloric requirements for intake amounts and … Continue reading The Newborn Stomach Size Myth: It is NOT 5-7 mL

Knowing if Your Newborn is HUNGRY and Needs Urgent Evaluation / Supplementation

Complications related to underfeeding of exclusively breastfed newborns are the leading causes of newborn hospitalizations in the world. These complications include jaundice, hypoglycemia and dehydration, all conditions that are prevented with adequate and timely supplementation when breast milk is not enough. Every mother can protect her child from these complications by knowing the signs of … Continue reading Knowing if Your Newborn is HUNGRY and Needs Urgent Evaluation / Supplementation

What is “Cluster Feeding” and Is It Normal?

Written by: Jody Segrave-Daly, MS, RN, IBCLC Cluster feeding is a phrase that is used to describe infant feeding behavior. Generally, it’s breastfeeding or bottle feeding that is in a different pattern from your baby’s typical feeding pattern. It is described as breastfeeding sessions or bottle-feeding sessions that are much shorter and more frequent, for 3-4 … Continue reading What is “Cluster Feeding” and Is It Normal?

Second Night Syndrome: How a Breastfed Baby Develops Complications

Complication of insufficient feeding in exclusively breastfed newborns, like hyperbilirubinemia and hypoglycemia are common. The early signs of those complications are frequent or constant crying and prolonged or unsatisfied nursing (where baby latches and unlatches in response to insufficient milk at the breast). These signs are also called the Second Night Syndrome, which put an infant … Continue reading Second Night Syndrome: How a Breastfed Baby Develops Complications

Fed is Best Guide to Supplementing Breastfed Newborns

We proudly introduce the quick and easy guide to supplementing your breastfed newborn. This is our step-by-step guide for mothers who choose to supplement from the beginning and for those who are wanting to exclusively breastfeed but find that their newborn needs supplementation to prevent complications.  Here is our step-by-step guide to supplementing a newborn … Continue reading Fed is Best Guide to Supplementing Breastfed Newborns

From the American Academy of Pediatrics: Warning Signs of Breastfeeding Problems

Warning Signs of Breastfeeding Problems Natural as the breastfeeding process is, problems can occasionally arise. When they do surface, they may grow worse very quickly and interfere with your milk production or your baby’s ability to get the nutrition she needs. For this reason, it’s vital to get help right away if you experience difficulty … Continue reading From the American Academy of Pediatrics: Warning Signs of Breastfeeding Problems

Feeding Your Baby—When Supplementing Saves Breastfeeding and Saves Lives

Jody Segrave-Daly, RN, MS, IBCLC Mothers are taught that it’s rare to not produce enough milk to exclusively breastfeed in nearly every breastfeeding book, mommy group and hospital breastfeeding class. The truth is, we have limited studies that provide an accurate percentage of the number of mothers who can produce enough milk for their baby … Continue reading Feeding Your Baby—When Supplementing Saves Breastfeeding and Saves Lives

NYT Parenting: How to Deal with Low Breastmilk Supply

FEEDING & NUTRITION How to Deal with Low Breastmilk Supply By Susan Reslewic Keatley THE GIST Before giving birth, find out if you are at risk for low milk supply. Learn what successful breastfeeding involves and find a skilled, supportive pediatrician. Baby weight checks are the best way to determine if you have low milk … Continue reading NYT Parenting: How to Deal with Low Breastmilk Supply

Combination-Feeding Articles and Resources

Combination feeding is by far the most common form of infant feeding across the globe. Mothers combine breast and bottle feeding for many reasons including insufficient breast milk supply in addition to professional and personal reasons. For many mothers, it’s just what works best for them, their baby and their family. Here are several useful … Continue reading Combination-Feeding Articles and Resources

WHO Guide on Safe Preparation of Formula or Cow’s Milk for Infants

For many families in the world, when a mother cannot produce sufficient breast milk, her child is at risk of malnutrition and starvation. Even one episode of starvation can compromise a child’s vital organs and brain development irreversibly. The World Health Organization has prepared this guide on SAFE preparation of breast milk substitutes for families … Continue reading WHO Guide on Safe Preparation of Formula or Cow’s Milk for Infants

Guide to Formula Feeding by Dr. Chad Hayes and the American Academy Of Pediatrics

Formula-feeding and combination-feeding mothers often find it difficult to find supportive, judgment-free advice on formula feeding . The following articles are excellent articles from pediatrician, Dr. Chad Hayes and the American Academy of Pediatrics. We believe all babies deserve to be protected from hunger and thirst every single day of their life and we believe … Continue reading Guide to Formula Feeding by Dr. Chad Hayes and the American Academy Of Pediatrics

Safe Positioning During Skin-to-Skin and Breastfeeding

    We want to warn mothers about a very rare and completely preventable danger to newborn babies, namely Sudden Unexpected Postnatal Collapse (SUPC), which is when a newborn is accidentally suffocated during skin-to-skin or breastfeeding within the first weeks of life, even while still in the hospital. It occurs due to poor positioning of … Continue reading Safe Positioning During Skin-to-Skin and Breastfeeding

Keeping Your Baby Safe by Knowing Normal vs. Abnormal Labs

In order to provide mothers and health professional a quick guide to preventing newborn brain injury in the first days of life, the following is a short slideshow on the scientific literature regarding the thresholds that predict newborn brain injury and developmental delay and disability in the first days of life related to insufficient feeding. … Continue reading Keeping Your Baby Safe by Knowing Normal vs. Abnormal Labs

Questions to Ask Your Health Providers to See if They Believe That Fed is Best

Mothers have reported feeling unprepared for their birth and postpartum experiences and that their newborns experienced complications from underfeeding due to excessive pressure to exclusively breastfeed.  It is important to know your health providers, their perspectives on infant feeding, supplementation and keeping your baby safe from complications and hospitalization.  These are a list of questions … Continue reading Questions to Ask Your Health Providers to See if They Believe That Fed is Best

Writing Your Hospital and the Joint Commission About Your Baby’s Feeding Complications

Every year, thousands of infants in every country are hospitalized for complications due to underfeeding from exclusive breastfeeding including dehydration, hypoglycemia and excessive jaundice. Many families leave these experiences traumatized and some babies are irreversibly injured. The only way hospitals and health organizations responsible for patient safety know to make their infant feeding policies safer is … Continue reading Writing Your Hospital and the Joint Commission About Your Baby’s Feeding Complications

Infant Feeding Considerations for Emergency Situations

BY JODY SEGRAVE-DALY, RN, IBCLC, CO-FOUNDER OF THE FED IS BEST FOUNDATION During an emergency the sudden disruption of electrical power, clean water, and social relief services can impact the safe acquisition and storage of formula or human milk, as well as the ability to heat water for optimal cleaning practices. Consider the options below … Continue reading Infant Feeding Considerations for Emergency Situations